DRILLING WATER WELLS IS ESSENTIAL
Clean water often lies within just 30 meters of the surface.
When a country experiences a high seasonal waterfall, it can be hard to explain why there should be such a shortage of clean water.
But Sierra Leone has one of the worst infrastructures in the world due to the terrible civil wars of the last 20 years, which dramatically set the country back to times of ungoverned poverty.
Part tropical, areas of the country have a rainy season which lasts some 6 months of the year, but uncontrolled agriculture, use of chemicals in farming and manufacture, and poor sanitation has led to drinking water sources quickly becoming polluted. Without financial capability the people of this country have no facillity to effectively store or manage the water that saturates them during their summer. The winter dry season is consequently a time of irrepressible drought with the few water resources remaing often being left contaminated or physically too far for a village to effectively collect from.
Sierra leone draws only one-third the amount of freshwater of other countries in similar size. 95 percent of water is used agriculturally and yet ninety percent of food is imported into Sierra Leone. With high costs of food, the average caloric intake for a Sierra Leonean is harmed by the country’s inability to produce population-sustaining agriculture.
Mining has also contributed to the land degradation and water pollution. Deforestation by mining has depleted water resources, as well as slash-and-burn farming, urbanization, and infrastructure building.
In general it is the lack of awareness of water management by the people of the country, more notable in the remote regions such as Pujehun, that is the greatest issue. Until the government, which at present remains in flux, is able to stabilise the country and effectively manage their vital resources to resolve the safe storage and distribution of this precious liquid, there will be a constant spread of water borne infectious diseases which will continue to take the lives of the people and more obviously, the children of this country.
Until this day comes the country depends on outside assistance. In many regions there are aquifers that run some 20 – 30m under the ground and which contain clean sustainable water, but the only way to tap into this resource is by digging wells by hand, an expensive and dangerously laborious task, or drilling bore holes, capping them and installing pumps. The latter is the obvious solution for many areas, but the task is huge, the villages remote and many are almost unapproachable by vehicles, further increasing the difficulty.
Alive & well have set themselves the task of bringing assistance to these beleaguered people. If we can take our rigs into these inaccessible areas, drill bore holes and install pumps, we will save countless lives in the remotest of villages.